Fungal Infectious Diseases

Fungus is a multi-cellular parasite that can decompose and then absorb organic matter using enzymes. There are approximately 51 million kinds of fungus present on earth.

Many fungal infections appear on the upper layers of the skin, and some progress to the deeper layers as well. Inhaling fungal spores can also lead to systemic fungal infections, such as thrush, or candidiasis.

Individuals with a higher risk of developing a fungal infection include people who:

  • Use antibiotics for a long time.
  • Having a weak Immune system, for example, HIV or AIDS, Diabetes, Chemotherapy Treatment, and those who have undergone organ transplantation, as they take medications to prevent their body from rejecting the new organ transplanted.

Examples of fungal infections are:

Valley fever or Coccidioidomycosis

  • Athlete's Foot
  • ringworm
  • some eye infections

Prevention

We cannot prevent all Infectious diseases from getting into our bodies, but the following steps can reduce the risk of transmission:

  • We should always wash our hands before and after having food,
  • Always clean surface areas and don’t leave room-temperature food exposed when cooking.
  • Always take recommended vaccinations and be updates regarding the same.
  • Take antibiotics when prescribed, and complete the recommended course even if symptoms improve earlier than anticipated.
  • The practice of safe sex by getting STD checks from time to time, use of condoms, or abstaining altogether.
  • Avoid sharing items such as toothbrushes, combs, razor blades, drinking glasses, and kitchen utensils.
  • Follow doctor's advice about traveling or working while you are ill, as you could infect others as well.

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