Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)And  Sexually transmitted infections (STIs):are infections that are typically spread through sexual activity, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi, and some common examples include:Chlamydia: Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, chlamydia is one of the most common STDs. It can infect the genital tract and may cause symptoms such as discharge, pain during urination, and pelvic pain. If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.Gonorrhea: Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, rectum, and throat. Symptoms may include discharge, pain or burning during urination, and in some cases, no symptoms at all. If untreated, gonorrhea can also lead to PID and infertility.Syphilis: Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, syphilis progresses through several stages and can cause a wide range of symptoms, including painless sores (chancre), rash, fever, and neurological complications if left untreated.Human papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is a group of viruses that can cause genital warts and various types of cancer, including cervical, anal, and throat cancer. Many people with HPV do not develop symptoms, but the virus can still be transmitted to others.Herpes simplex virus (HSV): HSV type 1 and type 2 can cause genital herpes, which is characterized by painful sores or blisters in the genital area. The virus can be transmitted even when there are no visible symptoms.HIV/AIDS: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system, weakening the body's ability to fight off infections and diseases. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.Prevention of STDs includes practicing safe sex by using condoms consistently and correctly, limiting the number of sexual partners, and getting tested regularly for STDs, especially if you are sexually active. Early detection and treatment of STDs are important for preventing complications and reducing the risk of transmission to others.

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